Wine in Turkey/ Türkiye'de Şarap

Bu topraklarda şarabın tarihi 7000 yıl öncesine dayanmakta ise de Müslüman Türklerin şarap üretim tarihi sadece 85 yıl kadardır.En eski Türk Üretici olan Doluca üretimine 20'lerde başlamıştır. Birçok zorluklara rağmen Türk şarap endüstrisi çocukluk evresini tamamlamış ve her geçen gün de gelişmeye ve büyümeye devam etmektedir.

In this land, the history of wine goes 7000 years before. But Muslim Turks's wine production history is just about 85 years. The oldest Turkish producer Doluca started to the production in 20's. Turkish wine industry has completed it's childhood period and despite it's so many problems, still being more matured day by day.


Archaeological finds support the theory that wine was produced in Turkey at least 7,000 years ago (Source: Dr Patrick E. McGovern).


“Neolithic Period”
Vitis Vinifera’s Natural Distribution and Archaeological Discoveries
Türkiye 30 ve 50. paraleller arasında ve şarap üretimi için önemli bir bölgede bulunmaktadır. Şekilde Vitis Vinifera'nın  Neolitik dönemde doğal dağılımı ve Arkeolojik keşiflerin yerleri görülmektedir.


Aşağıda yabancı ziyaretçiler için nispeten büyük üretim yapan Türk Üreticilere dair bilgiler paylaştım.

Doluca


today presents over 40 different products to its consumer's delight. Paying as much meticulous attention to consumer relations as to production quality, especially after Ahmet Kutman's daughter Sibel Kutman and son Ali Kutman, joined the company as members of the third generation, DOLUCA has attained a broader contemporary outlook and embraced the mission of developing and enhancing the cultural awareness of wine in Turkey.www.doluca.com


Kavaklidere


which was founded in 1929 has a product range of 49 wines and was the first private sector wine producer in Turkey, and has steadily developed to become Turkey’s leading wine producer. The company owns 550 hectares of vineyards, located in AnkaraAkyurt, CappadociaGulsehir and AegeanKemaliyePendore in the most important wineproducing areas of Anatolia. Kavaklidere Wines has a storage capacity for 19.5 million litres and exports almost 20% of its production. www.kavaklidere.com


Kayra


– The Elazig Winery in Eastern Anatolia was established in 1942, and the Sarkoy Winery in Thrace was established in 1996 with annual capacities of 4.7 and 4.5 million litres respectively. The wide variety of Kayra wines offer diversity under the brands Kayra Imperial, Kayra Vintage, Buzbag Rezerv, Terra, Leona and Buzbag. Today, Kayra’s fine unique tastes from Anatolia are listed in many international fine dining restaurants and are receiving awards in international competitions. www.kayrawines.com


Likya


is a chateau producer, producing wines only from its own vineyards which are located in the Elmali town of Antalya. Antalya is located in southern Turkey (Mediterranean). Likya vineyards are located at 1100 metres altitude. Likya refers to the Lycian civilization in Turkish. It is a Project of rebirth of an ancient city of wine. Vineyards are located in the ancient terroir of Arykanda and Oenoanda. Both are ancient Lycian cities. Arykanda has a winery in the city. www.likyawine.co.uk


Pamukkale

The Pamukkale Winery was founded in 1962 by the eldest one of the Tokat brothers, Fevzi Tokat, in the north of the province Denizli in the city of Guney. Production capacity is approximately 4 million litres per year and the Pamukkale Winery has achieved one of the most modern arrangements between Turkey and Europe. Since 1989, 20% of Pamukkale Winery’s wine production has been for Germany and France, and also exported globally. www.pamukkalesarap.com


Selendi


Selendi Wines was established in 2000. The vineyard in Akhisar was planted in land that was previously a tobacco farm and is 80m above sea level. It consists of 1.5 acres of vineyard with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Shiraz as the grape varieties. About 60007000 bottles have been produced every year since 2004. The winery is located at the centre of the vineyard and has the highest quality equipment necessary for best quality wine. www.selendi.com.tr


Sevilen


In 1942, after having discovered vineyards and winemaking in France, Mr. Isa Guner, a first generation immigrant from Bulgaria, founded his own winery in Izmir, Turkey. Today, Sevilen produces grapes for premium wines on two sites: The Aegean Area, and Anatolian Plateau. After having totally restructured part of his vineyard, plus adding new plantations, the Sevilen Group now produces one million bottles/year of qualitative wines. www.sevilengroup.com

Vinkara
was founded in Kalecik, Ankara in 2003 on 590 acres of land with a modern production facility and vineyard at an altitude of 650 meters. The vineyard had been planted on 412 acres neighbouring the Kizilirmak River in the Kalecik region which has a unique place in the Turkish wine industry with its special microclimate. 60% of the vineyard has been allocated to the Kalecik Karasi grape. Production Capacity is 1.5 million litres. www.vinkara.com

TÜRKİYE'DEKİ ŞARAPLIK ÜZÜM ÇEŞİTLERİ

    Türkiye 1200-1500'den fazla üzüm çeşidi ismine sahip olmakla birlikte bunlardan 600-800 civarının genetik olarak farklı olduğu bilinmektedir. Bunlardan yaklaşık 30 tanesi oldukça seçkin olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Şarap yapımında sıkça kullanılan yerli ve yabancı çeşitler aşağıda verilmiştir;

Turkey has more than 1200-1500 named grape varities of which 600-800 are genetically different. There are around 30 outstanding wine grape varieties among all these types.
The indigenous and international grape varieties below are those that are widely used for wine making.

Adakarası, Alicante Bouchet, Boğazkere, Bornova Misketi, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Chardonnay, Cinsault, Çalkarası, Çavuş, Dimrit, Emir, Gamay, Grenache, Kalecik Karası, Karalahna, Kuntra, Malbec, Merlot, Narince, Öküzgözü, Papazkarası, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Riesling, Sangiovese, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Shiraz, Sultaniye, Tempranillo, Vasilaki, Viognier.
En çok üretimi yapılan ve en popüler olarak tanımlanabilecek olan yerli üzüm çeşitleri aşağıda görülmektedir.
The most popular indigenous Turkish wine grapes


Source:




Wines of Turkey is an umbrella organisation based in Turkey which represents the Turkish wine sector and is the result of a strategic partnership between Turkey's seven leading wineries, Doluca, Kavaklidere, Kayra, Kocabag, Pamukkale, Sevilen and Vinkara. Its aim is to develop the wine market and culture of Turkey and to increase exports by making Wines of Turkey a generic brand associated with quality wine. For more information on Turkish wines please visit www.winesofturkey.org






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